Admission 2 days prior to the procedure for preparation:
o Blood picture, liver functions, kidney functions and coagulation
o Chest X-ray
Assessment of operative risk by cardiology, anesthesia, and internal medicine.
Tight control of blood pressure and blood sugar before procedure.
Availability of adequate type and cross-matched blood.
Every patient is routinely observed fro 24-48 hours after the procedure in the intensive care unit then transferred to a regular floor.
Provide necessary pain control.
Hospital stay ranges 5-7 days.
After discharge 2-4 weeks of recuperation is anticipated at home before resuming full activity.
Follow up outpatient clinic visits at 1 week, 1 month, 6 months then every year.